Guest Post by David Addington, The Heritage Foundation
To hear the brick-and-mortar businesses complain of the need to enact S. 743, the so-called Marketplace Fairness Act, you would think that the Constitution entitled every brick-and-mortar store to a successful business model in perpetuity. The legislation, on which the Senate will act shortly, authorizes states to order out-of-state businesses to collect their state’s sales tax on sales over the Internet. The legislation overturns the existing rules in the free market, to the benefit of the brick-and-mortar businesses over their competitors.
The rules concerning sales by catalog, telephone, or Internet by out-of-state businesses that have no facilities or employees in a state have been clear for 21 years. In 1992, the U.S. Supreme Court decided in Quill Corporation v. North Dakota that states cannot force such out-of-state sellers to collect the state’s sales taxes on those remote sales. The proponents of S. 743 want Congress to change the rules that have existed for 21 years so that brick-and-mortar companies have a new government-provided advantage over the Internet-oriented companies.
Millions of business decisions have been made in the free market over those 21 years by businesses of all kinds, choosing whether and to what extent they would rely in their sales of goods and services on physical facilities such a stores and showrooms and whether and to what extent they would rely on catalogs, telephone solicitations, or sales over the Internet. Many companies have chosen one model or the other, or combinations of the two, to sell their products and services. All those companies have had the opportunity to compete in the marketplace under that stable set of rules set forth in Quill. Apparently, many of the businesses that chose the brick-and-mortar business model are now feeling the heat of free market competition, so they want government to change the rules to favor the brick-and-mortar business model.